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UNIVERSITY OF HAWAII PROJECT Project Design The Tell Timai Project (TTP) is designed to collect data that will further characterize the event and extent of the early 2nd century BCE destruction. This event will be placed in the larger context of the site through collection of data addressing urban development, Greco-Roman imperial influences, and social, political, and economic patterns through survey mapping and excavation. The survey mapping consists of a combination of remote sensing methods (geophysical subsurface and satellite imagery), traditional surface survey, and 3D imaging. The purpose of the survey is to provide a snapshot of the surface and near-surface architecture to build a base urban plan of the city, segregating features of the city chronologically as much as possible. Excavation and mapping of roads and insulae and domūs that will characterize socio-political subdivisions (amphoda) within the city. The final urban plan will serve as the baseline for a diachronic study, working backwards in time by plotting earlier horizons as they are identified and mapping these within the GIS. A Harris matrix will be used to relate horizons of phased features and track identities for assignment to chronologically based layers within the master GIS database. Some margins of the tell have been systematically stripped offering the chance to piece together periods of occupation. While the loss of data from these stripped areas is unfortunate, it does present an opportunity to gain a diachronic perspective that might never be achieved if the damage had not

occurred. Change over time will be observable as variants in planning, architectural method and syntax, and material assemblages between the Hellenistic and Roman Periods.     Destruction-Layer-Sandwich

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